The Kindergarten literacy program encompasses reading, writing, listening, speaking, and handwriting. Kindergarten students learn reading skills through the Fountas and Pinnell program. This program teaches children the phonemic awareness and phonics skills necessary to read and write words. Recognizing a core group of sight words, identifying letter names and sounds, discriminating between the beginning, middle, and ending sounds in words as well as segmenting and blending sounds are some of the skills taught.
Literacy skills are embedded in everyday activities and experienced through a structure called The Daily 5. The Daily 5, created by “The 2 Sisters” Gail Boushey and Joan Moser, is a structure that teaches independence and gives children the skills needed to create a lifetime love of reading and writing. It consists of five tasks that are introduced individually. The five tasks are Read to self, Word work, Work on writing, Listen to reading, and Read to someone. During Daily 5 time, teachers work individually with students and in small groups, providing direct instruction, supportive practice, guided reading experience, and essential feedback.
Handwriting is taught through the Handwriting Without Tears program. Correct upper and lowercase letter formation, pencil grip, pressure, and control are emphasized. Children learn how to form letters first by making them with wooden pieces, then by practicing on chalkboards, and finally, by writing the letters, words, and sentences within the correct lines on paper.